The Draft

The Selective Service Act of 1917 required all males between the age of 21 and 31 to register for the draft. The draft had five classes of draft eligibility:

  • Class 1: all eligible males 
  • Class 2-3: temporary and exempted from draft until needed 
  • Class 4: exempted for hardship 
  • Class 5: ineligible

Draftee Information

Unlike the draft in the Civil War, hiring a substitute was not allowed. The first draft was on June 5, 1917. In 1918, the law was modified to raise the draft age to 45. The final draft call ups of the war was in July and then September 1918. Draftees made up 2.8 million of the 4 million strong Armed Forces in World War I. Of the 2.8 million men drafted, 290,527 were African Americans. The draft mobilized 2,224 men from Loudoun County and 591 were inducted into military service.

Drawing Lottery Numbers for the Draft, 1917 Courtesy of the Library of Congress
  • 1,755 White
  • 468 Black
  • 1 "Oriental"
  • 591 Inducted
  • 32 Lost their lives
    (From Frontier to Suburbia by Charles P. Poland Jr., page 312).

Muster Roll

Clerk of the Circuit Court Historic Records has two books: Muster Roll in the War with Germany, and the World War Memorial Record (only eight veterans are listed in Loudoun's war memorial record). Each county in Virginia was mandated to create a Muster Roll in the War with Germany listing county residents serving in the Armed Forces. The following is a breakdown of Loudoun's Muster Roll:

Race

  • 443 White
  • 179 Black
  • 12 Unknown

Draft

  • 509 Drafted
  • 107 Volunteered
  • 24 Unknown

Branch

  • 571 Army: Thirty-two of these individuals were Student Army Training Corp cadets. The SATC officially began on October 1, 1918. It was located in 525 educational institutions and inducted 200,000 total students on the first day. Unlike the Selective Service Draft, enrollment in the SATC was completely voluntary.
  • 12 Marine
  • 27 Navy
  • 24 Unknown

View a chart listing the localities of black and white soldiers from Loudoun County from the muster roll in the war with Germany.

Note: An act passed by the Virginia General Assembly on March 16, 1918 required records be kept of the names of drafted men. The chairmen of each local draft board in the counties and cities of Virginia were required to furnish the Clerk of Court with a list of residents who joined the Armed Forces through the selective draft law. (Library of Virginia)

Helpful Links

The following Virginia Counties had a Muster Roll in the War with Germany

  • Albemarle County
  • Bedford County
  • City of Fredericksburg
  • Greenville County
  • Hanover County
  • Harrisonburg / Rockingham County
  • King and Queen County
  • Louisa County
  • Lunenberg County
  • Montgomery County
  • Nelson County
  • Page County
  • Pittsylvania County
  • Prince William County
  • Pulaski County
  • City of Richmond
  • Sussex County
  • City of Virginia Beach
  • Warren County

Hours of Operation

Monday - Friday
8 a.m. - 4 p.m.
Holiday Closings

Physical Address:

Clerk of the Circuit Court
Attention: Historic Records
18 E Market Street
Leesburg, VA 20176
Directions

Mailing Address:

Clerk of the Circuit Court
Attention: Historic Records
P.O. Box 550
Leesburg, VA 20178