Shared Mobility Devices
Virginia law allows Loudoun County to establish guidelines and restrictions on the use of Shared Mobility Devices (SMD) within the county. The law defines SMDs as motorized skateboards and scooters (e-scooters), electric-assist bikes (e-bikes) and pedal bicycles for hire.
Shared Mobility Devices Pilot Program
On December 3, 2019, the Board of Supervisors approved the Loudoun County Shared Mobility Devices Pilot Program to facilitate the operation and use of SMDs within the county and to evaluate their impact. This pilot program is effective January 1, 2020, and will continue at least six months following the opening of Silver Line Metrorail stations in Loudoun County, which is tentatively scheduled for mid-2020.
During the pilot, the Department of Transportation and Capital Infrastructure (DTCI) will monitor SMD operations, operator performance and engage the public to develop regulatory recommendations for the Board of Supervisors to consider.
The pilot program:
- Limits the number of SMDs to a maximum of 1,000 devices in the county.
- Restricts the operation of SMDs to within the designated SMD Pilot Program service area, located within approximately three miles of Silver Line Metro stations. View the SMD Pilot Program Map.
Beginning January 1, 2020, the county is accepting permit applications from SMD operator companies to take part in the pilot program. Any person seeking to operate a SMD program within the county shall first obtain an operating permit. No company shall operate a shared mobility program within Loudoun County without an operating permit.
How to Apply for an Operating Permit
- Review the SMD Pilot Program Map.
- Download, print and complete the Agreement for Operation of Shared Mobility Devices (PDF)
- Download, print and complete the SMD Pilot Program Permit Application (PDF)
Note: A separate SMD Pilot Program Permit Application is required for each device type (motorized skateboards, e-scooters, e-bikes or pedal bicycles) for a maximum of 250 devices per permit. Operators may hold a maximum of two permits.
- Make a copy of the permit eligibility documentation:
- Virginia Business Registration
- Virginia Certificate of Good Standing
- Loudoun County Business Professional Occupational License
- If this is your first time establishing a business in Loudoun County, you are also required to provide a reporting of annual business personal property tax, or short-term rental property tax.
Note: SMDs qualify as short-term rental property if the operator's application is approved under the Code of Virginia, Title 58.1, Chapter 35, Article 3.1. Short Term Rental Property. Short-term rental property is treated as a separate class of merchants capital and is exempted from business personal property tax; however, the operator is required to collect a 1% tax on each rental, to be submitted to the county.
- Mail or deliver the completed Agreement for Operation of Shared Mobility Devices (PDF), the SMD Pilot Program Permit Application (PDF), the permit eligibility documentation and payment for fees to the Department of Transportation and Capital Infrastructure (DTCI) at 101 Blue Seal Drive, Suite 102, Leesburg, VA 20177. Applications received by email or fax will not be processed.
- Board of Supervisors Business Meeting, December 3, 2019 - Item I-2: Loudoun County Shared Mobility Devices Pilot Program (PDF)
- Code of Virginia, Title 46.2, Chapter 13, Article 15 - Powers of localities to regulate use of motorized skateboards or scooters, bicycles, or electric power-assisted bicycles for hire
- For more information about the SMD Pilot Program, to provide feedback about the program or to schedule a community briefing about the program rules and requirements, call 703-737-8624 or email the Department of Transportation and Capital Infrastructure.
- Email Glen Barbour, Public Information Officer or call 703-771-5086.