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Limestone Geology Region
Loudoun County Limestone AreaLoudoun County Limestone Area Map
The region of Loudoun County that has karst geology is located in an area roughly one mile on either side of State Route 15 from south of Leesburg and north to the Potomac River bridge. The region is bounded sharply to the west by the Bull Run Fault, which runs at the base of Catoctin Mountain through Loudoun County.

View the Loudoun County Limestone Area Map or find more information through the county's Online Mapping System.

Landscape Features
Limestone Geology refers to areas that are underlain by carbonate rocks such as limestone, dolomite, and marble. Carbonate rocks will dissolve when exposed to acid and since normal rainwater is slightly acidic, it will dissolve these rocks over time. This slow process will eventually produce a landscape characterized by fluted and pitted rock surfaces, vertical shafts, sinkholes, sinking streams, springs, subsurface drainage systems, and caves.

These features are called “karst features” and the resulting landscape is called "karst terrain." Karst terrain is also characterized by abundant rock outcrops, closed depressions, and limited surface drainage.

Additional Information

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