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Guardian for Minors
To legally have powers as a guardian, you must first, be appointed, and second, you must formally qualify before the Probate Clerk. Due to the complexity and time involved in qualifications, appointments with the Probate Clerk are required. Due to the complex nature of Guardianships of Minors, it is strongly recommended that you consult with a Virginia attorney for legal advice. The Clerk cannot render legal advice. 

Frequently Asked Questions 

What is the definition of a Minor? 
A Minor is a person who is under the age of eighteen (18). 

What is the definition of a Guardian of a Minor? 
A Guardian of a Minor is a person who has obtained legal authority to be responsible for managing financial and/or personal affairs of a Minor. There are three types of Guardianships of Minors. 
  • Guardian of the Person (Appointed by the Court (a Judge)
  • Guardian of the Estate (Appointed by the Court or Clerk)
  • Testamentary Guardian (Named in a Will for both personal and/or estate)

What is the definition of a Guardian of the person? 
A Guardian of the Person is an individual who is appointed by the Court to be legally responsible for the personal affairs of a Minor. 

What is the definition of a Guardian of the estate? 
A Guardian of the Estate is an individual who is appointed by the Court or the Clerk to be legally responsible for the care and maintenance of a Minor’s financial matters, until the minor reaches the age of eighteen (18). 

What is the definition of a Testamentary Guardian? 
Defined by Virginia Code Section 64.2-1701; Every parent may, by his Last Will and Testament, appoint (i) a guardian of the person of his minor child and (ii) a Guardian for the estate bequeathed by the parent to his minor child for such time during the child’s infancy as the parent shall direct. 

What is the difference between Guardian of the estate and Guardian of the person? 
There are several differences between a Guardian of the estate and Guardian of the person. However, the primary difference is that the Guardian of the Estate is responsible for managing the financial affairs of a Minor, whereas the Guardian of the Person is responsible for the health and well-being of the Minor. The Guardian of the Person has also assumed parental rights for the Minor child. This means that the Minor child’s biological parents have released their parental rights to the Court Appointed Guardian. 

Does the Clerk provide forms for the filing of any legal court documents regarding becoming a guardian of a minor?
The Clerk does not have any forms for the filing of any legal court documents (i.e. – petitions, orders, decrees, etc.). The only forms the Clerk does have available are: Post-Qualification forms which are used after the appointment process (by the Judge) and the formal qualification process (by the Clerk) have occurred.

Contact UsBill Loy
Probate Manager 
703-777-0272
Email 

Lorrie Gordon 
Sr. Probate Specialist 
703-777-0639
Email

Joy Hayes
Probate Specialist 
703-777-0691
Email

Fax: 703-737-8096 

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Hours of Operation
Monday - Friday
8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.
By appointment only
Physical Address:
Clerk of the Circuit Court
Attn: Probate Division
18 East Market St.
Leesburg, VA 20176
Mailing Address:
Clerk of the Circuit Court
Attn: Probate Division
P.O. Box 550
Leesburg, VA 20178



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