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Child Care Home Regulations
Loudoun County Zoning Regulations
In order to ensure the health, safety and well-being of Loudoun’s youngest residents and to address potential land use impacts, a Child Care Home use that requires the approval of a zoning permit must comply with the regulations in Section 5-609 and Article 8 of the Loudoun County Zoning Ordinance.

When is a Zoning Permit Required?
Child Care Homes with more than five "non-resident" children under the age of 13 must apply for a county zoning permit in order to operate a Child Care Home business from their residence. A link to the permit application and instructions is below. More frequently asked questions about the Child Care Home regulations are online here.
Submission & Processing of Zoning Permit Application
To apply for a zoning permit for a Child Care Home business, the provider will need to submit the following: 

Should there be questions or assistance needed in completing the forms, contact Zoning Permits Division at 703-777-0220.contact the County Zoning Permits Division at 703-777-0220.  You may submit your application in person or through the mail. The Zoning Permits Division is located on the second floor of the Loudoun County Government Center, 1 Harrison Street, S.E. in Leesburg. You may mail the permit application to:    

Loudoun County Department of Building and Development
P.O. Box 7000
Leesburg, VA 20177-7000

Thirty-Day Notification Period
The Virginia State Code Section 15.2-2292.B mandates that the county notify the owners of property adjacent to a proposed Child Care Home when a provider submits a Zoning Permit application for a Child Care Home. Adjacent property owners have up to 30 days from the date the notification letter was sent to provide a written objection to the proposed Child Care Home use to the Zoning Administrator.

If the Zoning Administrator receives no written objection from any adjacent property owner and determines that the Child Care Home otherwise complies with the provisions of the Zoning Ordinance, the Zoning Administrator will issue the zoning permit. At that time, the applicant may come to the Loudoun County Government Center, 1 Harrison Street, S.E., Leesburg, Department of Building and Development, 2nd floor, pay the $200 zoning permit fee, and pick up the zoning permit, or, mail in the payment for the zoning permit.

Minor Special Exception Process
If the county receives an objection, the zoning permit application may be put on hold while the applicant pursues a Minor Special Exception. Information about that process is online:

Other Requirements
State License: The Virginia Department of Social Service is responsible for issuing a state license for Family Day Homes and for enforcing the applicable state regulations. As part of the procedure for issuing a state license, the Family Day Home/Child Care Home provider will be required to submit a form for the Loudoun County Zoning Administrator’s signature, signifying that the proposed Family Day Home/Child Care Home complies with county regulations. The state will only issue a license for a Family Day Home/Child Care Home to the extent that the use meets the county’s Zoning Ordinance regulations. 

Check with Your Homeowners Association: Before applying for a county zoning permit for a Child Care Home business, providers who live in a neighborhood that has a homeowners association (HOA) are urged to check with their HOA to determine if the HOA permits the home business use and if any HOA approval is required. 

Business License: Child Care Home providers are urged to contact the Commissioner of Revenue for any business license requirements. 

For More Information
For more information about Loudoun County Zoning and how it relates to child care providers, you may contact the Zoning Administration Division at 703-777-0118 or by email here.

If You Live in an Incorporated Town
Please be aware that each of Loudoun County's incorporated towns may have varying zoning ordinances. For specific information, contact the zoning office in the town in which you live.

Towns Contact Information

Other Resources
The Loudoun County government has resources available to help child care providers - from the "Starting a Child Care Business" seminar to ongoing trainings and workshops. Click on the links on the left-side of the page for more information.

Loudoun On